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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
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Saudi patient knowledge and awareness regarding smoking as a risk factor for urological diseases


1 Department of Surgery, Urology Division, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Urology, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Urology, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Raed Mohammed Almannie,
Department of Surgery, Urology Division, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/UA.UA_92_20

Aim: Our aim was to evaluate Saudi patient knowledge and awareness regarding smoking as a risk factor for bladder cancer, kidney cancer, and erectile dysfunction (ED). Settings and Design: This quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted across three major tertiary hospitals in Riyadh, the capital city of Saudi Arabia. Material and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 539 patients in the urology outpatient clinic. Statistical Analysis: Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Studies 21.0. For descriptive statistics, the frequency was calculated for all study variables. Chi-squared test was used for categorical variables. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A total of 539 urological patients completed the questionnaire. There were 460 (85.4%) male and 79 (14.6%) female respondents. Only 60.9%, 41.2%, and 36.9% of participants were aware that smoking was a risk factor for ED, kidney cancer, and bladder cancer, respectively. Conclusions: The knowledge and awareness were low among urological patients regarding smoking as a risk factor for urological diseases.


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    -  Almannie RM
    -  Abunayan MS
    -  Alkhayal AM
    -  Alzahrani AY
    -  Alzahrani TM
    -  Binsaleh SA
    -  Alyami FA
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