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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 242-244

Middle calyx ureterocalicostomy in ectopic pelvic kidney with ureteropelvic junction obstruction: Only alternative for renal salvage

Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation, Sri Aurobindo Institute of Medical Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Santosh Agrawal
Department of Urology and Kidney Transplantati on, Sri Aurobindo Insti tute of Medical Sciences, Indore, Madhya Pradesh
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DOI: 10.4103/0974-7796.177198

PMID: 27141203

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Anomalous kidneys are mostly asymptomatic and are often found incidentally during physical or radiological investigations for urological or other medical complaints. The associated genital anomalies ranges from 15% to 45%. Females are associated with bicornuate or unicornuate uterus, rudimentary or absent uterus while males have undescended testes, duplication of the urethra, and hypospadias. A 21 year old married female presented with on and off lower abdomen pain for the past one year with history of primary amenorrhea. On examination an ill defined tender lump palpated in the lower abdomen. USG showed left ectopic pelvic kidney with gross hydronephrosis. The computed tomography confirmed hydronephrotic left ectopic pelvic kidney in front of the sacrum with anteriorly directed renal pelvis with ureter located posteriorly. There was delayed excretion from the ectopic kidney but right kidney was in normal position and function. The diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) scan showed 33% function of the ectopic kidney. On diagnostic laparoscopy, the uterus was small hypoplastic with bilateral ovaries appearing normal. The patient was taken for open pyeloplasty where the ureter was transected below PUJ but for a dependent drainage, the middle calyx as was the most dependent calyx as seen on the CT-scan. So a middle calyx ureterocalicostomy was performed calyx with excellent outcome. The ectopic kidney always remains a challenge because of complex neurovascular anatomy, presence of viscera and associated UPJO, but for a dependent drainage, middle calyx ureterocalicostomy is a feasible option with excellent outcome as was in our case.

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